Dating pathe records
1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph.
On July 18, 1877, Thomas Edison and his team invented the phonograph.
Eventually, a patent-sharing agreement was signed and the wax-coated cardboard tubes were abandoned in favor of Edison's all-wax cylinders as an interchangeable standard format.
These have professionally made recordings of songs, instrumental music or humorous monologues in their grooves.
In 1902 Edison Records launched a line of improved hard wax cylinders marketed as "Edison Gold Molded Records".Cylinder machines of the late 1880s and the 1890s were usually sold with recording attachments.The ability to record as well as play back sound was an advantage of cylinder phonographs over the competition from cheaper disc record phonographs which began to be mass-marketed at the end of the 1890s, as the disc system machines can be used only to play back prerecorded sound.At first, the only customers for them were proprietors of nickel-in-the-slot machines—the first juke boxes—installed in arcades and taverns, but within a few years private owners of phonographs were increasingly buying them for home use.Each cylinder can easily be placed on and removed from the mandrel of the machine used to play them.