Dating methods for quaternary deposits
Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed.The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales.Other chapters treat forcing functions and vegetation response at different spatial and temporal scales, the role of fire as a catalyst of vegetation change during rapid climate shifts, and the use of tree rings in inferring age and past hydroclimatic conditions.Three chapters address vertebrate paleontology and the extinctions of large mammals at the end of the last glaciation, beetle assemblages and the inferences they permit about past conditions, and the peopling of North America.This can pose a problem because they need to obtain chemical and physical analyses on samples to perform their research.This manual is an essential source of information for those students without a background in science, but also a comprehensive overview that those with some understanding of archaeological science will find useful.Two chapters discuss soils and their responses to climate, and wind-blown sediments.
All references to the underlying basic publications are included. As a result, the information on Quaternary glaciations worldwide will be much improved and supplied in a uniform digital format.
The next part of the book is on plants and animals.
Five chapters consider the Quaternary history of vegetation in the United States.
This book reviews advances in understanding of the past ca.
two million years of Earth history - the Quaternary Period - in the United States.